Whatever actualize that, in
turn, would have to be actualized by something else. Logically, this chain of
changes cannot be infinitely long, or else nothing would have ever changed in
the first place. Therefore, there must exist some unchanged and unchanging
thing that actualizes all other changes. This principle is not related to time
or a sequence of events. Rather, it points out the need to have something
capable of causing the changes we observe: God, the Un-Moved Mover. The
Aquinas argument of motion was based on the Aristotelian idea about what caused
the universe.  In other words, the first of Aquinas’s arguments for God’s
existence points out that all changes are the result of some other change. But
this chain of changes cannot be infinite or eternal, so there must be some
unchanged (un-moving) thing (an unmoved Mover) that is ultimately responsible
for all other changes (motion). To which he termed it as God (Introduction
to Philosophy: Question that Matter fifth Ed, P.293).

     Another argument Aquinas used
to buttress the existence of God is Cause and effect are apparent in the
universe. Everything that occurs is caused by something else. All events are
dependent on some other occurrence or thing in order to make them happen. A
thing cannot be the cause of itself, or else it would never come to exist (Miller
and Jensen, p.275). Logically, this chain of causation cannot be infinitely
long, or nothing would ever have come to exist in the first place. Therefore,
there must be an un-caused thing that causes all other things. This argument is
not related to time or a sequence of events. Rather, it considers the fact that
all things are dependent on something else for their existence and that is God. But, Aquinas believes if it were
possible for everything to cease to
exist, and if there has been an infinite amount of past time, then all things
would have already ceased to exist. There would be nothing left at all. The
fact that anything exists at all, even now, means there must be one thing that
cannot cease to exist, one thing that must necessarily exist. There must be one
thing that is non-contingent i.e., its existence is not dependent on anything
else. This thing must be. (Miller
and Jensen, 5th Ed p.275)
      Furthermore,
Aquinas’s third argument or way to prove God’s existence is that, if everything
were impermanent, eventually everything would cease to be. Therefore, there
must be at least one thing that must, necessarily, exist (one non-contingent
thing): God, the Necessary Being.

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        Clearly, it is a known
fact that Socrates nor Plato neither claimed the existence of God, but their
presentation of the Form of the Good points to a reality of Super human who is
in charge of all knowledge and masterminder of all things that exist in the
physical world which could be the true copy of the original eternal Form. In
this sense, I am of the view Socrates or Plato would have accepted the idea of
Aquinas on the bases that our natural observation points to the fact that
things do not happen on their own but someone bigger who is in control of all,
which is God.(Miller and Jensen, p. 147)  Again, Plato idea of the three parts of the
soul which seems to state that Plato made use of the word “Spirited” This usage
points to the fact that if there is a soul or man has a soul then clearly there
must be a soul owner—-God.

       Finally,
as said earlier, I strongly agree that the existence of God can be
proven in many ways apart from Socrates and Plato’s Form of the Good, and
Aquinas 1st ,2nd and 3rd ways, other ancient’s famous
philosophers like Aristotle idea of the unmoved mover whom he believes as the
causal of all things seems to suggest that from time infinite People have
believed in the existence of God. (Miller and Jensen 5th Ed p. 147).
In addition, the Realist(materialist) Isaac Newtons’ description of the world
and everything in it is like a machine. This materialistic idea strengthens the
existence of God because if the world and everything in it works like a
programed machine, then who built or programed this machine to work —- God!