What is the difference of refugee
and immigrant? Refugees means when a person force to leave their country in
order to escape war discrimination, or natural disaster. On the
other hand, immigrant is a person who leave their country and move to another region
for financial reason and better life. The
refugee and immigrant policy are different in the U.S. When it comes to
integration, there is minimalist government support for immigrants to learn
English, finding jobs. Refugee policy is different because they are in a much
more difficult situation, they are forced to leave their country, money and
belongings and they cannot go back to their country. For these reasons, they
come to the U.S. to save their life and there is more government program for
refugee to resettle. This scenario raises an interesting question given the
fact that there is a basic support network for immigrants and there is more
government support network for refugees. I would think that the refugees are in
better positions to integrate. My research question is how the government
support program helps refugees to integrate into American society? How
can immigrants integrate better into American society?   

The
resettlement Assistance program provides government support for refugees
immediately. I am going to focus on refugee resettlement and see how refugee
resettlement is proceeding as compare to immigrant integration more generally.
I also talk about the better integration only possible if refugees and
immigrants can integrate Culturally, socially and politically & economically.

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            When
it comes to refugee resettlement policy and immigration policy, it is totally
different for refugee and immigrant policy. According to the UNHCR the U.S. is
the top resettlement country in the world and has an outstanding record of accepting
refugees since 1975, the U.S. government has welcomed over 3 million refugees
for resettlement from all over the world and these refugees have built new lives
and homes in all 50 states. The Departments
of Homeland Security, State and Health and Human Services work together to support
refugees when they first arrive, it is their humanitarian responsible to
refugees through the U.S. Resettlement Program. Office of Refugee Resettlement offers
with the help of state government and nonprofit resettlement agencies to
provide time-limited cash and medical assistance to new arrivals, as well as provide
English as a Foreign Language classes, and arrange quick training to get the job
and employment services (NCSL ORG 2017). Refugee resettlement program designed to
help refugees’ successful transition to life in the U.S. and help them to achieve
self-independence. On the other hand, when immigrant first arrive in this
country, they get little help from the U.S. government. Immigrants have to work
hard to find a job with minimum wages, and house. The U.S. Government provide
free ESL program in the public library for new immigrant. So, that immigrant
can learn basic English language to integrate into the American society. I
chose Vietnamese as a refugee group and Mexican as an immigrant group and
compare about their integration in this paper.

            I
believe that learning English language plays significant rule that helps refugee
to integrate and immigrants to integrate better in American society and built bridges
between two different societies. I want to talk about how refugee and immigrant
integrate into American society by learning English language. The Vietnamese are one of the largest refugee groups to
have settled in the United States since 1970s. After 3 decades, we often hear about the term
“Vietnamese Americans” rather than “Vietnamese refugees”, which I believe is a
good sign that they are already integrated into the American society. In late
1970s, the US accepted around 1.3 million South Vietnamese refugees, which was
a huge number. In fact, many of the Vietnamese refugees were well-educated and
already had experience in working with Americans in the war time. More
importantly, most of them were not too unfamiliar with the American lifestyle
since Southern Vietnam was the base for the total of 2 million American troops
within the decade of conflicts. One thing worth being noted is that Vietnamese
in general have very positive view towards education and hardship thanks to the
heavy influence of Confucianism. They consider them essential elements for
success in life. Like other Asians, many Vietnamese parents pressure their
children to excel in school and to enter professional fields including science,
medicine and engineering because they view education as the only ticket to a
better life. The children of Vietnamese
refugees are thus the newest of the new second generation. As of 1990, 52% of
all Vietnamese American children under 18 years of age were U.S. born, 27%
arrived in the United States prior to the age of five, 17% arrived between the
ages of five and 12, and only 4% arrived as adolescents. For many Vietnamese
refugees, the journey to America and their adjustment to the new land has been
extremely hard. With the exception of the relatively small elite group
evacuated at the fall of Saigon, most of the refugees lacked education, job
skills, and measurable economic resources. They also suffered from the trauma of
war and flight and from the severe emotional distress that they experienced at
refugee camps. Once arrived in the United States, they were powerless to decide
where and when they would be resettled, with almost all of the refugees
starting their American life on public assistance.

To compare with the Mexican
immigrant group, more than 11.7 million Mexican
immigrants move into U.S. in 2014. 42.4 million foreign born population. Mexican immigrants are not skilled in
English language and less speak in English language