What is AI

AI currently
encompasses a huge variety of subfields, from general-purpose areas such as
perception and logical reasoning, to specific tasks such as playing chess,
proving mathematical theorems, writing poetry {poetry}, and diagnosing
diseases. Often, scientists in other fields move gradually into artificial
intelligence, where they find the tools and vocabulary to systematize and
automate the intellectual tasks on which they have been working all their
lives. Similarly, workers in AI can choose to apply their methods to any area
of human intellectual endeavor. In this sense, it is truly a universal field.

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Ø   Artificial Intelligence (AI)
is a branch of science that deals with helping machines finds solution to
complex problems in a more human-like fashion.

Ø  It allows the machines to think logically and make decisions to that
of a human.

Ø  It is possible by analyzing about how the human brain learns,
thinks, takes decision, and replicates the inputs that can be understood by a
human.

Ø  A more or less flexible or efficient approach can be taken depending
on the requirements established, which influences how artificial the
intelligent behavior appears.

Ø  Artificial intelligence can be viewed from a variety of
perspectives:

     
From the perspective of
intelligence, it is about making machines acting intelligent, as we would
expect a human to act.

     
From a business perspective, AI
is a set of powerful tools, and methodologies for using those tools to solve
business problems.

     
From programming perspective,
AI includes the study of symbolic programming, problem solving, and search.

Ø  Artificial Intelligence is an electronic machine that stores large
amount of information and processes at a very high speed.

Ø  The computer is interrogated by a human via a teletype It passes if
the human cannottell if there is a computer or human at the other end.

Ø  Strong ability to solve problems.

Ø  AI has huge importance in various techniques such as Speech
Recognition, understanding natural language etc.

A real AI learns on its own. For
example, Google Deepmind, that has the capability to form connections,
understands the meaning and reaches solution without depending on simple
algorithms. A real AI, learns from its past iterations, enhances, becomes
smarter, and solves complex problems.

Applications of AI

Here are various applications of AI that
we use in our day-to-day life:

                   
I.           
Identification Technologies:

                                
i.           
ID cards e.g., ATM cards

                              
ii.           
Biometric Identification: For
example, If you walk up to a locked door, it uses Biometric Identification
techniques using equipment like camera, fingerprint device, microphone etc. AI
unlocks the door by comparing the data from person at door with the stored
image, voice, and fingerprint.

                 
II.           
Machine Translation:AI helps in
translating international languages fast and this is cheaper as compared to
hiring a translator.

               
III.           
Face and speech recognition

               
IV.           
Medical fields

Importance of AI

Game Playing

You can buy machines that can play
master level chess for a few hundred dollars.
There is some AI in them, but they play well against people mainly through
brute
force computation–looking at hundreds of thousands of positions.

Speech Recognition

It is quite convenient to instruct
computers using speech, when you are facing an issue with the keyboards or
mouse.

Disadvantages of
AI

1.       Autonomous weapons are artificial
intelligence systems that are programmed to kill. In the hands of the wrong
person, these weapons could easily cause mass casualties. Moreover, an AI
arms race could inadvertently lead to an AI war that also results in mass
casualties.

2.       The AI is programmed to do something beneficial, but it develops a
destructive method for achieving its goal.

For example, If you ask an obedient intelligent
car to take you to the airport as fast as possible, it might get you there
chased by helicopters and covered in vomit, doing not what you wanted but
literally what you asked for.