The recent refugee crisis
obviously is not the first one in Europe. For instance, Austria experienced
only in the second half of the 20th century four big refugee crises:
1956 from Hungary, 1968 from Czechoslovakia, 1981 from Poland, and in the early
90s from former Yugoslavia. In recent years a new refugee crisis, which was
caused mainly by the war in Syria, moved across Europe and Austria as well. The
European countries and population are both divided because of this crisis:
There is a strong opposition from “Eastern” European countries or new Member
States of the European Union, versus an acceptance in “Western” European
countries or the “old” Member States of the EU, but there is criticism as well.
Furthermore, southern Member States of the EU, which are mostly affected by the
refugee crisis, argue that there is a lack of solidarity in the EU and address
this criticism mainly to the Member States in the east. This and the Brexit are
the challenges which Europe is facing now.
While following both news and
social media it can be concluded, that the main criticism of this refugee
crisis is caused by religious and cultural differences. Critics argue, that
since the vast majority of refugees from Syria are Muslim, they will have
difficulties due to cultural differences integrating in countries that receive
refugees. In my opinion, inhabitants of such receiving countries, both its
nationals and migrants who already settled there, are afraid of a new
concurrence on the labor market, which may squeeze them from it.
Because of this, in the first
part of this work the impact on the labor market after “the influx of French
repatriates and Algerian nationals into France at the end of the Algerian
Independence War in 1962” and “the exodus of refugees from the former
Yugoslavia during the long series of Balkan wars between 1991 and 2001” (Borjas
& Monras, 2016, p. 1) will be examined.
Besides that, recent findings on
the impact of the refugee crisis in 2015 on the labor market will be presented.