The music industry changed drastically during this time period. Many aspects of music were positively influenced in every way. Not only with the artists and composers but, with all music genres in general. The music was a prominent feature of African American culture during the Harlem Renaissance. The term “Jazz Age” was added by many people who believed African American music especially jazz, was significant. With amazing sound being the primary feature of the Renaissance you would begin to see many different entertainers to choose from. Black American blues performers such as vocalist Ma Rainey and musician W. C. Handy were very popular on the Vaudeville circuit in the late 1900 hundreds. The publishing of W. C. Handy’s “Memphis Blues” in 1912 and the initial recordings just a few years after brought the 1900’s into the mainstream of American popular culture. “Jazz reportedly originated among the New Orleans musicians who played in bars and brothels in the Storyville district. Jelly Roll Morton claimed to have invented jazz in 1902. African Americans established something that would have a widespread impact and drastically changed America with its musical influence for the better. In 1905 a group of African American performers showed up on the seen in New York They called themselves the “Memphis Students”. James Weldon Johnson described the band as “a playing, singing and dancing orchestra, making a lot of use of various instruments like banjos, mandolins, guitars, saxophones, and drums. Later, composer and band leader James Reese Europe, one of the “Memphis Students,” took his Clef Club Orchestra to Carnegie Hall. During World War I, James Europe, fellow officer Noble Sissel, and the regimental band introduced the sounds of ragtime, jazz, and the blues to Europeans. Following the war, black music, including blues and jazz, became increasingly popular with all American audiences. This is significant because before this movement African Americans really had no voice and weren’t respected to any degree, but when they began developing new and unique music  African American artist became popular and admired. Other jazz artists and blues singers began to sign recording contracts, initially with African American record companies like Black Swan Records, but very quickly with Paramount, Columbia, and other mainstream recording outlets. In Harlem, one club was opened constantly and it kept expanding, each featuring jazz orchestras or blues singers. Harlem was the forefront of an empire of arts and culture in black America.The Harlem Renaissance also known as the “New Negro Movement” showed the rise of jazz, the launch of many African Americans’ careers, and a new sense of black identity and pride. The Harlem Renaissance showed  the common group of the period’s artists, the motivation for that sudden outburst of black American creativity and the ideas behind the works will then justify the claim that the black community, although rather short , did have a lasting impact on American culture and music. “Black Americans gained a new feeling of racial confidence and felt they had to find alternative ways to refute the ancient prejudices that prevailed in America”. The educated part of the African American community was convinced that they could oppose the stereotype by proving their intellectual competence; they used music to show their importance. They hoped that an increased cultural output would work against the American notion of white supremacy and show that Blacks were no longer willing to accept their alleged status of an uncivilized people without culture. Not only did the black community strengthen the music industry during this period, but they also gave confidence and power to the African American culture. To them it wasn’t just about the music industry it was about its effect on the culture.