Technology has changed the way
humans perform basic tasks and the introduction of artificial intelligence
helps to perform these tasks and functions with or without human intervention
by automation as artificial intelligence, which could be an intelligent machine
or a computer program, tends to act like humans. The term “artificial
intelligence” was first used by John McCarthy in 1956 when he held the first
academic conference on the subject of technology but the journey to understand
if machines can truly think began much before that. He defined Artificial
Intelligence as “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines,
especially intelligent computer programs”. These machines are programmed with
the abilities to learn, gain knowledge and make decisions by identifying
patterns which can be supervised or unsupervised, reasoning and problem
solving, abilities to manipulate and move objects etc. Artificial intelligence excels
at frequent high-volume tasks which human beings tend to spend a lot of time on
and are capable of far more complex applications, like grading essays and
diagnosing diseases. Artificial intelligence can be used in any sector of the
world; in education for automating grading, in law for sifting through vast
documents, makes manufacturing easy by integrating robots into workflow, applications
such as Turbo tax gives financial advice and in health for diagnosing diseases.
Robots often use data with thousands or even millions of examples, each of
which has been programmed with the right answer. The system can then be
programmed with an algorithm to look at new scenarios. If everything goes well,
the machine will be able to predict right answers with a high rate of precision.
Machines, however can’t compete with humans in hands-on situations like
creativity and invention. This is where humans beat artificial intelligence.
Machines only follow the algorithm programmed by humans. They can’t alter or
delete any of these codes. Humans, therefore, in the future must be more
creative as there have been talks of humans losing jobs to machines in the
future over the years. Machines are here to stay humans must embrace them, work
with them and find ways to create jobs and inventions around them. Computer
programmers use a system called deep learning to give artificial intelligence
these capabilities. This kind of learning is usually unsupervised and the data
to be learned is somewhat unstructured and unlabeled. The power for robots to
think is an essential part of artificial intelligence and has always been a
major focus of AI research. The 20th century has been an “age of
data” where information has been gained in huge sums with the application of
artificial intelligence. Some experts even believe that that Moore’s law is
slowing down to some extent but the increase in technology has certainly not
lost any momentum. In the immediate future, artificial intelligence is looking
like the next big thing even currently, with regards to developments in
biometrics, medical instruments, social media, inventions in driverless cars
and even electric cars. The main role of artificial intelligence over the years
is to