Position papers for the united nations UNESCOThe issues that will be discussed before the United Nations are Engaging and Empowering Youth through Access to Technology and Media and Safeguarding Cultural Heritage of War Torn Nation States.The UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.The UNESCO aims to contribute to world peace and security by encouraging collaboration between nations in the field of science technology and education. They have 195 member states which includes Russia.Engaging and empowering youth through access to technology and mediaRussia considers its youth population to be extremely important as they are the builders of tomorrow and therefore believes engaging and empowering them in this technological age is very important.This is significant for Russia as its youth (people under the age of 25) represents 26.6 % of its total population, which is a large demographic of people in Russia, and therefore Russia has invested a lot in developing and improving their lives. Russia has also been very proactive in research and development of science and technology, which has helped build its economy and increase its GDP. Russia believes that access to ICT is essential for youth as it can decrease the amount of youth in unemployment which is a serious global issue, especially in developing countries. As of 2017, the global youth unemployment rate was 71 million people, and 86% of those people were from emerging or developing countries according to the ILO.The youth unemployment rate in Russia was 14.6% in 2017. By introducing new Technology and media, Russia believes more jobs will be created in all industries, therefore giving youth more opportunities to find employment once they leave university.This will decrease the unemployment rate.To achieve this, In 2014 Russia Launched a National Technology Initiative detailing Russia’s plan to boost technology by 2035.Along with this many projects and programs were set up to help give Russian companies the tools to build future markets.This initiative aims to create more jobs and decrease youth unemployment. Russia has also invested a lot in scientific research and development over the years and therefore believes that national and international scientific organisations have a huge role in increasing youth engagement in science technology and innovation.For example, the Russian Academy of Sciences, a scientific organisation in Russia, has offered Awards, grants, and scholarships to students which engages students and motivates them by giving them more opportunities in STEM fields. Therefore Russia suggests that other international technological/scientific organisation like “Microsoft ” can provide competitions and awards for students all around the world to motivate and encourage them to discover their potential in Scientific and technological fields.To Engage youth more Russia believes that developed countries like Russia must firstly, provide training and educational projects for high school/university students in developing countries to provide them with the IT and digital skills needed to work in a technologically driven society to aid in decreasing the youth unemployment rate. Secondly, developed countries could provide the ICT resources needed by the less developed countries such as computers to be used in schools and businesses.This will likely improve the economy in many underdeveloped countries and will aid in decreasing the level of poverty. Russia believes another key part of developing youth in Russia and all around the world is empowering youth with an entrepreneurial mindset to create jobs that do not exist today in the field of science and technology. This can be done by launching initiatives to motivate and engage youth in new/modern specific fields such as computer science, Robotics, and Biochemistry.To allow them to build a modern sustainable economy.Russia believes that UNESCO can aid in incorporating ICT into global education by firstly calling upon developed countries to provide foreign aid to countries with a low literacy rate and school enrollment (I.E: Bangladesh, 57% illiteracy rate) by giving them the funds needed to reform their education system and introduce IT into schools Secondly, Russia calls upon the UNESCO to set goals/standards for countries to reach in relation to incorporation of ICT in school curriculums.This will help to better prepare students to work in a digital economy.2.Safeguarding Cultural Heritage of War-Torn Nation StatesRussia believes that Safeguarding Cultural Heritage of War Torn Nation States is an important issue because Russia has always had a rich and diverse history and believes in conserving it for future generations. Russia also believes that safeguarding these sites is vital for historical research and education. It is also especially vital to protect these buildings and monuments to maintain a country’s cultural identity and to help people keep touch with their roots and traditions.Russia has done a lot to protect the cultural heritage sites in places of conflict such as Syria and the rest of the Middle East, as The State Hermitage Museum of Saint Petersburg signed an agreement with UNESCO to protect and restore cultural sites in areas of conflict.This meant that Russia would help to conserve these sites by first assessing the damage done ,then creating a plan to restore it. In the past, the UNESCO has launched a campaign called “Save Syria’s history” created to raise awareness about how the war in Syria is affecting its historical landmarks and to remind Syrian people how important it is to protect these places.Another project was launched with the EU called The Emergency Safeguarding of Syrian Heritage project.It aims to restore and protect cultural sites in Syria, and provides the funds needed to rebuild and restore them.