Many stories about kind, beautiful, loving, and caring princesses are just fairy tales. But, the story of Ke Ali?i Bernice Pauahi Bishop is no fiction, and it’s better than any other princess story.Bernice Pauahi puh-wuh-hee Bishop wasn’t just a princess of Hawai?i huh-vai-ee, she was a heroine. She was benevolent, selfless, compassionate, firm in her beliefs, and never stopped finding ways to give back to her community. She led the Stranger’s Friend Society, founded to help sick travelers, and the Woman’s Sewing Society, a group that provided clothes to the needy. She used her skills as a contralto singer and pianist to benefit others, too. She performed with the Amateur Musical Society and gave music lessons at the Royal School. She taught Sunday schools, which showed how she was unafraid to embrace new ways, because Christianity was different from traditional Hawaiian beliefs. The daughter of High Chief Abner P?k? pah-kee and High Chiefess Laura Konia ko-nee-uh Bernice Pauahi P?k? was born on December 19, 1831. Pauahi was named after her mother’s sister, her aunt.Choosing an inoa for their child was an extremely important task for Konia and P?k?. Traditionally, Hawaiians believed names had mana muh-nuh or power. Selecting an insufficient name could jeopardize the future of their child. However, it appears Bernice Pauahi was correctly named, because her name helped her carry out her legacy. Ruth Ke?elik?lani ke-eh-lee-koh-luh-nee, the daughter of the original Pauahi, would leave lands to Bernice Pauahi that would make up most of her estate. The estate would ultimately become Pauahi’s legacy. Pauahi was born into a family of noble rank, giving her the title of princess. Her great-grandfather was Kamehameha I, who united the Hawaiian Islands in 1810. She was the last direct descendant of Kamehameha I.When Pauahi was about a week old, she was adopted by her h?nai huh-nai or adoptive mother Prime Minister Kaho?anok? K?na?u kuh-ho-uh-no-ku kee-nuh-oo, who was Konia’s aunt.Konia and P?k?, like any parent, did not want to give up their hiapo hee-aw-poh or first-born child, but it was custom to do so. Pauahi was born in a tempestuous year. The year 1831 was often referred to by Hawaiians as “Ka Makahiki o kapilikia nui” kuh maw-kuh-hee-kee oh kuh-pee-lee-kee-uh which means “The Year of Heavy Trouble”. There were many examples of how troubled that year was.A civil war almost occurred against the ruler Ka?ahumanu kuh-uh-hoo-muh-noo after she enforced strict new kapu kuh-poo or laws controlling drinking, gambling, dancing, and the Sabbath.The collapse of the sandalwood trade left the chiefs in great debt.Lastly, hundreds of Hawaiians continued to die from foreign diseases. Hundreds of Hawaiians dying from foreign diseases hadn’t just occured recently. It had been happening for generations, since Hawai?i came into contact with foreigners for the first time in 1778. In fact, from 1778 to 1780, one in seventeen Hawaiians died from diseases like chickenpox, measles, polio, the flu, and tuberculosis. The Hawaiians were so susceptible to foreign diseases because they had never been exposed to them before, so they lacked an immunity to the diseases. Like the Hawaiian population, Hawaiian culture declined also. A year before, in 1830, Ka?ahumanu forbade dancing hula in public. Growing up, Pauahi would’ve seen all this, which affected her perspective and legacy. By 1840, the Hawaiian population had decreased by 84% since first contact with foreigners.In 1840, Pauahi had been attending the Chiefs’ Children’s School (later renamed the Royal School) for one year. The school was operated by Mr. and Mrs. Cooke, two missionaries from the United States. The previous year, in 1839, K?na?u had died of mumps, and the year before that, in 1838, Pauahi began living with her birth parents, because K?na?u gave birth to her own daughter. Pauahi’s parents were overjoyed because they had never really got over giving up their daughter.In 1848, a new system of land ownership was introduced in Hawai?i. The introduction of the new land system is known as “The Great M?hele” muh-heh-lay. Before, ownership of ??ina ai-nuh or land was an unknown concept to Hawaiians. They believed ??ina was sacred and no one owned it. Most Hawaiians did not know the importance of claiming land. Claiming land was also a difficult process. First, it required enough money to survey the land being claimed. Then, it required two witnesses to confirm the person claiming land had worked the land. In the end, titles for most of the land went to either higher classes or ali?i uh-lee-ee, or nobles. Only one percent of all of Hawai?i was claimed by the Hawaiian people.This is very important because Hawaiians value ??ina. The mo?olelo mo-oh-le-lo or story of H?loa haw-loh-uh teaches about the importance of ??ina. The story of H?loa began when a stillborn baby named H?loa was born. H?loa’s body was buried, and from it grew first kalo kah-lo or taro plant, a Hawaiian food staple which foods like poi is made from. Eventually, H?loa’s younger brother was born. He was the first man ever and was named H?loa after his older brother. This mo?olelo shows the importance of ??ina to Hawaiians. H?loa who grew into the first kalo plant represents ??ina and all its resources. ??ina is the older brother of the k?naka kuh-nuh-kuh or people because he cares for them by providing nourishment. In return the k?naka, younger brother, takes care of the the ??ina by not being wasteful or harmful to the ??ina. To the Hawaiians, losing land was like losing an older brother. Because of The Great M?hele, 99 percent of Hawai?i’s ??ina belonged to nobles and foreigners. This is another example of how the Hawaiians were losing their culture.In 1850, two years after The Great M?hele, Pauahi married Charles Reed Bishop, a businessman from New York. Marrying Charles was a huge risk, because marriages for ali?i were arranged by their parents without discussion with the children. Before she died, K?na?u planned for Pauahi to court, and eventually marry, Lot Kapu?iwa, Pauahi’s h?nai brother. In Hawaiian tradition it was appropriate to marry family members because it maintained ranking. By marrying Charles, Pauahi was disrespecting the late K?na?u’s wishes and authority. She was also defying her and Lot’s h?nai father, Governor Kek?ana??a, who wished to see his wife’s will carried out. It hurt and offended him greatly that Pauahi could not bring herself to marry Lot. Lot himself was hurt, but he seemed to understand that he and Pauahi weren’t a match. Pauahi’s own parents didn’t agree with her, though they later reconciled. Besides dishonoring K?na?u, Pauahi was dishonoring her culture’s customs too. Charles was not an ali?i uh-lee-ee or noble, and, most importantly, he was not a kanaka maoli kuh-nuh-kuh mao-lee or full-blooded Hawaiian person. Instead, she was marrying a haole how-lee or foreigner. Her marriage was shunned by Pauahi’s friends and people. Only the Cookes supported her. Even though she was faced with all this, she still followed her na?au nuh-ow or heart. It showed she was unafraid to embrace new ways. Three years later, in 1853, a smallpox epidemic killed between 5,000 to 6,000 Hawaiians. That same year, the first general consensus of Hawai?i showed the population of native Hawaiians to be 73,138.Pauahi had been seeing the population of Hawaiians decline because of foreign diseases all her life. In 1866, the first lepers arrived on Moloka?i, where a leper colony was established. In 1870, there was an outbreak of Scarlet fever.In 1872, Pauahi was offered the throne by Lot, who was Hawai?i’s king at the time. He was on his deathbed when she respectfully declined the offer twice. She felt she could never rule over her people. She wanted to serve them as an equal. The Hawaiian population continued to decrease. In 1831, the year Pauahi was born, there was 124,500 Hawaiians. By 1872, there were only 51,500 Hawaiians. While the Hawaiian population decreased, the foreign population increased greatly. There had been 1,828 foreigners in Hawai?i in 1853. By 1872, there were 5,366 foreigners, then 36,446 foreigners in 1884. In 1890, the foreign population was 49,368, more than the Hawaiian population, though Pauahi did not live to see that year.Bernice Pauahi Bishop died on October 16, 1884 from breast cancer. She owned 485,563 acres of land across Hawai?i from purchases and inheritance from relatives, most of which was from Ruth Ke?elik?lani. By January 22, 1886, her estate was reduced to 375,569 acres. Though Pauahi had passed away, her legacy was just beginning. Before she passed, Pauahi wondered what should she do with her immense estate. She did not have an heir, because she and Charles did not have any children, and her relatives were already growing old. The land could be used to generate money for personal use by renting it out or selling, but she decided to follow her na?au and use it for the good of her people. She considered contributing her ??ina to health care uses. She had seen the Hawaiian population decline all her life because of diseases. The Hawaiian population was no longer a declining race, but a dying race. Certain needs like hospitals weren’t met, especially for Hawaiians. But, a lot had already been done to improve health care services. Pauahi’s classmate Emma, who was married to one of Hawai?i’s kings, had already built the Queen’s Hospital. Charles was also a member of the hospital board and was a generous contributor. Pauahi decided to donate her estate to be used for educating Hawai?i’s future generations. This was a very wise and generous decision. The Hawaiians benefitted from contact with foreigners, but they suffered from it too. Stereotypes that Hawaiians were lazy or dumb came from foreigners. These stereotypes made many Hawaiians ashamed of their culture. Diseases and new customs that the Hawaiians weren’t used to also came from foreigners. Because Pauahi was connected to her people, she understood these problems. Pauahi decided the best thing to give her people was education. It would help disprove stereotypes about Hawaiians and maybe help them learn new customs while keeping in touch with Hawaiian ways. It would also help keep Hawaiian culture from dying with the Hawaiian population. Pauahi also had no children of her own, but the students of the school would be her children. It was a very kind thing to do, because Pauahi gave everything to people she would never meet. It might’ve been easier to give it all to Charles, who she had known for most of her life. Charles supported Pauahi’s decision. He actually donated most of the funds for the school because though Pauahi had plenty of land, she had a lesser amount of money. The rest of her money and land were divided upon Lili?u (who would become Hawai?i’s last monarch), Emma, Bernice Bishop Dunham, Charles, and more. In her will, Pauahi specifically stated that students of her school become “good and industrious men and women”. The school Pauahi built was the Kamehameha Schools, with the a school for boys’ opening in 1887 and a school for girls’ opening in 1894. Pauahi had no idea how much of a success her school would become. As of June 2015, Kamehameha Schools was worth $11.1 billion dollars. It owns 363,000 acres of land statewide. Some of Hawai?i’s most popular shopping centers, hotels, resorts, office properties, and industrial properties are owned by Kamehameha Schools, which are used to pay for the school. Kamehameha Schools serves over 6,900 students of Hawaiian ancestry at K-12 campuses on O?ahu, Maui, and Hawai?i island, and at 31 preschool sites statewide. It also serves over 40,000 learners through many other programs and community collaborations, like supporting community charter schools and literary enhancement programs for public school children. Kamehameha Schools is the largest private contributor the Hawai?i’s public school system. The tuition and fees for attending the school is offered at a fraction of the cost, and many of their students receive financial aid or scholarships. Over 358,000 acres of land is dedicated to conservation and agriculture. Kamehameha Schools actively supports diversified agriculture and protects and enhances natural and cultural resources in Hawai?i. Kamehameha Schools also supports traditional Hawaiian culture. Hawaiian language is taught at the school, and many Hawaiian culture practices are used.