I think that
instead of determining it, language reflects both the personality and the
culture of an individual.

Cultural
identity, includes a common sense of companionship, beliefs, welfares, an
action and basic rules of living. In a culture, people often accept and follow
their traditions from their accentors and pass them down to the next
generation, when they identify with their culture. Cultural identity helps
identify and connects people in a society with the same beliefs, culture or
ways of living. Examples of cultural identity can anything that connect a
person with his or her religion or race. Such as nationality, types of food we
eat, religion, things we dress and our hair style.

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I think that
language reflect cultural identity because different language and show
different culture, for example, when a person speaks he or her mother language,
we can assume that he or she came a country that created that language. And
when we know which country he or she came from, we can know what kind of
culture they have. For example, when a person’s mother language is Cantonese,
we can assume that person have a nationality of China. Also in China, one styles of
Chinese cooking is stir-fried dishes, such as ‘chow mein’ and ‘gong bao ji
ding’, which is
a chicken dish, and some dishes
that use large amount of ginger, and spicy seasonings, such as ‘dan
dan noodles’ from
Sichuan. Making and
eating these kind of food will be considered as an example of cultural
identity.    

Not only the
kind of language we speak reflect cultural identity, the way we say it also do.

For example, most Japanese people speaks or softly and polity to avoid
disturbing other people around them. They do that because this is part of their
culture and the way they say their language reflect it.

I think that language do not determine cultural
identity, instead, culture determine language. However, if only influence the
way we use it but not the structure of language. For example, in japan, there
are different ways of saying goodbye, such as “???????”, “?????” and “????”. Although they all have a same meaning, those
phrases are said in different situation and to different people. For the first
one, we can say it to our coworkers or friend. For the second phrase, we use it
with teachers, employer and to people with higher social states. While the
other two examples are written in Hiragana, the third phrase was written in
Katakana. Katakana is used to represent foreign words such as English. We can
say that the last phase is a way to say English in a Japanese style. It’s a
very casual phrase and will only use among friends or younger family members. Manners
is very important in their business culture; hence Japanese people can only say
the first phrase to their boss or else they may be considered as disrespectful
to their employer. We can see that culture affect the way people say goodbye in
Japan, even when the structure of language not affected.