Each year over twenty million animals are forced unwillingly to go under animal testing or experimentation, also known as animal research according to Hajar (42). This number is held and conducted within the United States alone. Non-human living creatures are used to undergo these acts, some species preferred over others. Administrators of this act expose chosen specimens to certain substances in an attempt to search and observe these specimens’ behavior and their body’s internal systems reactions. How these tests and experiments are carried out depend on what they desire to seek and or accomplish. Although animal testing is primarily performed for medical purposes, there are companies who manage such research as well, in order to check the qualifications of products they plan to distribute ( Hajar 42). Though there is limited regulation, this remains to be legal within the United States present to this day (Ramirez 211). Hence, this matter reveals controversy as this topic is heavily divided between separate viewpoints. Animal testing is further explained as both the opposing and supporting side validate their reasoning towards this matter in order for a beneficial conclusion and common ground to be revealed. Surveys conducted by Masterton shows that animal Research has been highly favored by the scientific society (31). This is due to the fact that most of the medical advancements that have been achieved are payable to these experimental practices. Predominantly, having the desire to reduce human pain and rescuing human lives is the principal reasoning behind the continued implementations of these procedures. Cures and treatments for several illnesses that have been discovered are directly tied to the end product of animal research (Hajar 42). J?drzejewska has conducted that thousands and possibly millions of people could have and would have died if such activities weren’t conducted (371). No other organisms would be able to provide such accurate results; since animals are the only creatures structured biologically similar as humans. There is a possibility of the scientist passing away before results of the human body would be revealed since people can live up to and or over half a century if administered on human volunteers. Lifespans of most lab animals are drastically shorter than people, allowing research to be collected and continued for countless generations. Researchers require a subject to test on without being counterproductive as doing so on other humans would be deemed unethical and would doubtfully get approval so this makes up for an effective alternative (J?drzejewska 371). Moreover, this is not only beneficial to people but for these animals as well. As mentioned earlier, since humans and animals are similar in many ways, they may come across the same illnesses. If vaccinations were not tested on these organisms, they would have died. The American Veterinary Medical Association also endorses animal testing mainly due to the fact that it has aided in keeping species near extinction alive. The Animal Welfare Act has been enacted since 1966 in order to protect animals from being abused from mistreatment during these experiments (Ramirez 211). Testing and experimentation with animals should cease. The Animal Welfare Act cover and regulates over a million animals. This leaves over twenty million animals unprotected and unattended to, exposing these organisms to mistreatment and abuse (Ramirez 212). Unethical actions proceed as communication between people and animals are impossible. These beings are unable to speak for themselves, leaving them to being handled forcibly. Throughout the process, the number of animals killed within the process overpowers the number of humans saved. Not every test performed in laboratories are able to share their results to the public eye since they don’t always conclude with success. Correspondingly, the animals that were involved in these failed procedures end up being pointlessly conducted on (J?drzejewska 371). Of course, testing on animals comes with a price. Costs of manufacturing, distribution of drugs and other products onto animals, and maintaining them might cost over thousands per session. This money could be used to invest in more superior methods and or uses. As not all sessions are for medical purposes (Hajar 39). Companies who undergo cosmetic testing, for instance, is not needed. Especially when there are those which do not test on animals (J?drzejewska 371). Though the most similar specimen to human beings are Chimpanzees, at ninety nine percent, both are not identical. In short, if there is a chance in failure between Chimpanzees, the chances are even higher with millions of other species. There is not a one hundred percent guarantee that the way animals react during testing will distribute and transfer the same way on humans. There have been cases where there were no side effects recorded on animals, and was found to be hazardous when provided to humans (Masterton 31). Exercising practices on other living creatures in the process of advancement is not a need, but rather a choice people decide to formulate. ¬† The majority of both sides would like to see animal testing diminished. Even though the means of how and when each side of individuals believe research on animals should be eliminated differ, both the opposing side and supporter would like to see scientists have a widely available and effective alternative in the future. There are scientists who state animal research to be necessary for medical purposes, but technology is advancing each day in order to discover newer methods in place of animal research (Masterton 31). There are already virtual displays and results that are able to take the place of testing during medical training, educational lessons, and provide enough information for some companies and businesses to go on without testing on animals. ¬†Furthermore, awareness on this issue must be raised in order to end all excess and pointless acts of animal research. This brings the nation one step closer to diminishing and eliminating these experimental practices.