Since there are many legal, ethical,
historical and criminological issues
surrounding the repatriation of cultural artefacts, solutions must be manifold and practical.
 First of all, it is imperative
to re- examine and address the definition
of
cultural property. The new definition must be usable
and accepted by the international community.  Also, it is important to establish
a balance concerning
the main
two
ideologies, cultural internationalism
and cultural
nationalism.
Apart from exploring the tension between both ideologies, there are other
factors related to repatriation and the difficulties therein, which deserve
exploration. For one, “the illegal trade of cultural
property threatens
not only the physical
integrity of
the items themselves, and the sites they came from, but also the cultural heritage of the affected nations.”1

Consequently, regulations have to be strengthened
and controls need to be implemented, via
means such as but not limited to: certification of
origin, more severe
control in Customhouses, consultancy of experts, a cohesive definition for the exportation and importation
of
cultural property, and stronger security methods and strategies towards
the combat of the illegal
trade of cultural property as well as theft. Moreover, it is
fundamental to encourage international cooperation and mutual understanding between
the source countries and the
market countries, governments and
individuals, federal and
private institutions and organizations, in
order to be able to find solutions which
will satisfy, to the most possible extend, the interests of both parties.
Additional legislation, realization of conventions, settled agreements or even trials are some of
the measures which could be taken
 in
 order  to
 face  the  issue
 properly
 and  surpass
 the
 variety  of
 ethical  and
 legal dilemmas which influence the examined
question

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1 John Alan Cohan, An Examination of Archaeological Ethics and the
Repatriation Movement Respecting Cultural Property (Part Two), 28 ENVIRONS
ENVTL.L.&POL’Y.J. 1, 7 (2004)