2. The South China Sea dispute is a territorial conflict because there are many countries trying to claim sections of the sea as theirs. Having ownership over the territory could be immensely useful to the country that claims and keeps the most amount of the sea. The country with the most territory would have the most benefits. Most of the countries have been peaceful and have abided by the laws and boundary lines that the UNCLOS have set, except for China. China has been actively aggressive towards the other countries by increasing their military presence in the sea as an intimidation tactic ( Dingli et al. 2016; Economy et al. 2016; Haass et al. 2016; Kurlantzik et al. 2016; Smith et al. 2016; Tay et al. 2016) . China wants to have almost all of the South China Sea and this has lead to it being a territorial conflict. This also an ethnic conflict because China is claiming that they have historical ties to the land area because they had explored the sea before they knew there were plentiful natural resources.3. This conflict is occuring in South East Asia in the South China Sea. The South China Sea is an area where Vietnam, China, Cambodia, Brunei, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia and Japan all have access to it ( Dingli et al. 2016; Economy et al. 2016; Haass et al. 2016; Kurlantzik et al. 2016; Smith et al. 2016; Tay et al. 2016) . This location negatively affects the conflict because there are a lot of countries involved which leads to more tension. With China being the most powerful country in the area, it has tried to have the most territory and has had no problem claiming stakes in them. China has also shown that they will be aggressive over sea such as in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 and after Japan lost in WWII and the Cold War. Although there are a lot countries involved, only 6 of the countries have shown interest in the natural resources and economic opportunities available. Due to the location of the conflict, it is very difficult to reach a resolution.