1.   
The core temperature of the female athlete whom
were under no acclimated to heated environment reached an increased temperature
at 39.80° for a shorter duration compared to athletes which are exposed to
heated environment. Although the female athlete whom are exposed to heated
environment for longer duration besides the other female athlete, the female
athlete under heated environment could only reach the core temperature of
39.30°.

There
has been a lengthy increase in the core temperature and their skin temperature
had been the most vital factor induced heat acclimation. During muscle movement,
the magnitude of the core temperature rises greatly independent of the
surrounding conditions and is directly proportional to the metabolic rate (Gonzalez, 1978).

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The dissimilarity between metabolic rate and heat loss
represents the energy used for mechanical work and heat storage. Total heat
loss and therefore heat storage and core temperature elevations were steady for
each environment. The relative contributions of logical and undisturbed heat
exchange to total heat loss, unlike from environmental state (Sawka, 1993). 1.    My prediction for sweat rate for heat acclimated
endurance athlete would be more compared to the non-acclimated endurance
athlete. From the results obtained it displays that the highest sweat rate for
heat acclimated endurance athlete is 18.0 mL/m2/min
while the highest sweat rate for non-heat acclimated endurance athlete would be
 15.0 mL/m2/min. It is said that as individuals that are exposed to heated
environment will have an increase in sweat rate (University of Connecticut, 2017).

Adjustments includes improved rate of sweating,
improved blood flow to the skin, low body temperatures, decreased cardiovascular
stress, improved fluid balance, changes in metabolism and enhanced cellular
protection (Périard,
2015). Adjustment
sizes are determined by the intensity, duration, frequency and number of heat
reports, as well as environmental conditions (Périard, 2015).

Excessive dietary water and electrolytes does not
accelerate the process of acclimatization of heat. However, when there is
dehydration or salt deficiencies, cardiovascular and thermoregulatory responses
can be adversely affected and the theoretical risk of thermal disease
increases. A consistent daily body weight monitoring will allow athletes to
identify fluid deficits requiring fluid consumption (-2 to -3% of body)
weight), reducing training duration / intensity (-4 to -6%), or consulting a experienced
physician (over -7%) (Armstrong,
1998).1.    The elevated heart-rate in heat-acclimated
female endurance athlete is unexpected as the cardiovascular drift in
non-heat-acclimated female endurance athlete. The athlete under non-heated
acclimated endurance athlete. Non acclimated endurance athletes were able to
reach their peak heart rate for a short period of time at 176bpm. The
influence of heat acclimation on aerobic exercise performance can be quite
dramatic, so that acclimated individuals can easily complete their work on heat
previously difficult or impossible (Sawka, 1996).

The major cardiovascular challenge during thermal
exercise is to provide adequate cardiac output to fully infuse skeletal muscle
to support metabolism while perfusing the skin to support heat loss. The
traditional view that skeletal muscle blood flow from the impact of heat stress
increased cardiac output to support an increase in skin blood flow necessary  (Rowell, 1974).